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Filosofia politica

POL 201 Political philosophy (course held in Italian)

Ore di lezione frontale: 42


LM-SEP  Percorso Teoria Politica ed Etica




Modulo:e  2°

The course (held in Italian) consists of two parts. The first part focuses on the epistemological status of political philosophy. Two major themes are presented which can help define its specific nature: the relationship between politics and truth on the one hand, and that between politics and authority on the other. The second part deals with the foundations of the most universal reference principles for political communities, that is to say freedom and equality, intended as both personal and relational realities. This is done through the study of the political aspects of the idea of fraternity.
The course will enable students to:
– make critical links between the different political paradigms and their foundations;
– evaluate their applications in the empirical sciences supporting political processes, e.g. political sociology and political science;
– conduct political projects so that they are coherent with their reference principles.

Part One: Topics on Political Philosophy
1.1-Political philosophy: what is it
Common, philosophical and scientific language in relation to politics. Paradigms of thinking: on the concepts and its foundation. Interpretations of political philosophy.
1.2-The origins of philosophy and politics
The truth in favor and against the polis. Truth, Politics and Power starting from H. Arendt and R. Guardini. Anthropological, social and political dimensions of power.
1.3-Politics and Evil
Anthropological and political dimensions of evil. From the Socratic “evil” as a lie to “banality of evil”: the explicit forms of totalitarianism in modern societies. Contemporary evil analysis: incipient and hidden forms of totalitarianism. Political philosophy as a critical and proponent “know-nothing”.

Part Two: Fraternity and the Fundamental Concepts of Politics
2.1-Genesis of a Research
The three Revolutions of the Eighteenth Century. Redefining politics through the complex thought of the Triptych: “freedom, equality, fraternity”. The role of fraternity and the African-American contribution to the construction of the New Atlantic.
2.2-The Contemporary Debate
The idea of fraternity: objections and answers. Fraternity as a “religious concept” as a “particularistic concept” as an “exceptional event,” as “anti-egalitarian system”: the theme of political paternity, as “equivocal concept”.
2.3- On the definition of fraternity / 1
The “original narratives”: introduction to the study of symbolic language in political sciences. The creation of “original narratives” as political mitopoiesis.
2.4-Fraternity and Paternity
Freudian interpretation and the foundation of egalitarian and conflictual society. Reinterpretation of “authority” and renunciation to it.
2.5-Compatible and incompatible logics with fraternity
Fraternity and classic logic. Fraternity and Dialectical Perspective: Marx and Sartre.
2.6-On the definition of fraternity / 2
On definability of fraternity. Types of definitions applied to fraternity. The “operationalization” of fraternity within empirical sciences.

General Introduction to Political Philosophy: Kymlicka W., Contemporary Political Philosophy. An Introduction, Oxford University Press 2001.
First part: Collier D., Gerring J. (Edd.), Concepts and Method in Social Science: The Tradition of Giovanni Sartori, Routledge, New York-London 2009 (with the addition of texts by other Authors).
Guardini R., Power and Responsibility, in The End of Modern World, ISI Books 1998.
Arendt H., Between Past and Future: Eight Exercises in Political thought, Penguin Books, New York 1977.
Baggio A. M., Truth and Politics: The Loss of Authoritativeness in Contemporary Politics, “Claritas: Journal of Dialogue and Culture”: Vol. 1: No. 1, Article 6.

Second part:
An international bibliography of studies on fraternity is explained in: Baggio A. M., The Forgotten Principle: Fraternity in Its Public Dimension, in “Claritas. Journal of Dialogue and Culture”, Vol. 2 (2013), n° 2, Article 8, pp. 35-52. From this extensive bibliography, students will be able to choose the readings for the exam and for in-depth study, in agreement with the professor. Part of the topics discussed in the lessons can be found in the following texts (wich translation in English is in progress):
– Baggio A. M., L’idea di fraternità tra due rivoluzioni: Parigi 1789 – Haiti 1791. Piste di ricerca per una comprensione della fraternità come categoria politica, in Baggio A.M. (Ed.), Il principio dimenticato. La fraternità nella riflessione politologica contemporanea, Città Nuova, Roma 2007, pp. 25-56.
– Id., Il dibattito intorno all’idea di fraternità. Prospettive di ricerca politologica, in “Sophia. Ricerche su i fondamenti e la correlazione dei saperi”, I (2008/0), pp. 71-81.
– Id., Introduzione. La fraternità come categoria politica, in Baggio A.M. (Ed.), Caino e i suoi fratelli. Il fondamento relazionale nella politica e nel diritto, Città Nuova, Roma 2012, pp. 5-18;
– Id., La fraternità antagonista. L’interpretazione freudiana e la fondazione della società egualitaria e conflittuale, in Baggio A.M. (Ed.), Caino e i suoi fratelli, cit., Città Nuova, Roma 2012, pp. 19-75.
– Id., Toussaint Louverture et l’existence politique du Peuple Noir, in Toussaint Louverture, Lettres à la France (1794-1798). Idées pour la libération du Peuple Noir d’Haïti. Introduction et appareil critique d’Antonio Maria Baggio et Ricardo Augustin, Paris 2011, pp. 11-141; oppure: Id., La doppia idea di fraternità e la fondazione dei diritti umani nel contesto coloniale, in “Nuova Umanità” XXXVI (2014/2) 212, pp. 177-188; oppure: Id., A idéia de fraternidade e a fundação dos direitos humanos no contexto colonial. A contribuição do pensamento negro, in «Diálogos possíveis» (Facultade Social da Bahia, Salvador, BR), ano 14, número 2, pp. 20-30, jul.dez. 2015.
– Id., A inteligência fraterna. Democracia e partecipação na era dos fragmentos, in A.M.Baggio (organizador), O princípio esquecido/2. Exigências, recursos e definições da fraternidade na política, Cidade Nova, São Paulo 2009, pp. 85-130; ed. Italiana: Id., L’intelligenza fraterna. Democrazia e partecipazione nell’età dei frammenti, in D. Ropelato (Ed.), Democrazia intelligente. La partecipazione: attori e processi, Città Nuova, Roma 2010, pp. 131-178;
– Pezzimenti R., Fraternità: il perché di una eclissi, in Baggio A.M. (Ed.), Il principio dimenticato, cit., pp. 57-77.
Students can deepen the theme of fraternity in relation to the following topics: original narratives, philosophical foundations, concept history, law, democracy, human rights, public policies, conflicts, and international relations. For the legal field, please refer to:
-Pizzolato F., Il principio costituzionale di fraternità. Itinerario di ricerca a partire dalla Costituzione italiana, Città Nuova, Roma 2012.
Baggio A.M., Cosseddu A., Márquez Prieto A., Fraternidad y justicia, Editorial Comares, Granada 2012.
Cosseddu A. (Ed.), I sentieri del giurista sulle tracce della fraternità. Ordinamenti a confronto, Giappichelli Editore, Torino 2016.
-Márquez Prieto A. (Ed.), Justicia relacional y principio de fraternidad, Aranzadi, Cizur Menor (Navarra) 2017.

See also the publications listed on the faculty page of the professor. Further information is available at  www.antoniomariabaggio.it